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Evacuation of the city of Pripyat

After the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on April 26, 1986, due to high levels of radiation, residents of nearby settlements were evacuated. One of the first was the city of Pripyat, which was located three kilometers from the epicenter of the tragedy, and with a population of almost 50 thousand inhabitants.

 

On the evening of April 26, a meeting of the Government Commission was held in the building of the city executive committee, at which the issue of evacuating the population from Pripyat was decided. It was decided to strengthen control over the radioactive situation, to pull up transport intended for evacuation to the outskirts of Chernobyl. It was decided to make the final decision on the morning of April 27, 1986.

On the night of April 26-27, a convoy of buses (about 1200 units) arrived from Kiev and adjacent regions to the outskirts of Chernobyl.

 

On the morning of April 27, it was decided to evacuate the city in the afternoon.

 

Also, the heads of the evacuation sectors, their deputies and senior squads and all personnel involved in the evacuation were briefed.

 

On April 27 at 13:10, on the local radio, the townspeople were informed about the evacuation of the city.

Attention, dear comrades! The city council of people's deputies reports that in connection with the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, an unfavorable radiation situation is developing in the city of Pripyat. The necessary measures are being taken by Party and Soviet bodies and military units. However, in order to ensure the complete safety of people, and, first of all, children, it becomes necessary to temporarily evacuate the city's residents to the nearest settlements in the Kiev region. To do this, today, on the twenty-seventh of April, starting from fourteen zero-zero hours, buses will be served to each residential building, accompanied by police officers and representatives of the city executive committee.

It is recommended to take with you documents, essential things, as well as, in the first case, food. The heads of enterprises and institutions have determined a circle of employees who remain in place to ensure the normal functioning of the city's enterprises. All residential buildings for the period of evacuation will be guarded by police officers. Comrades, when leaving your home temporarily, please do not forget to close the windows, turn off the electrical and gas appliances, and turn off the water taps. We ask you to keep calm, orderliness and order during the temporary evacuation.

At 13:50, a gathering of residents near the houses was organized, and already at 14:00, buses were delivered to the gathering places. Pripyat was evacuated in almost a few hours.

 

After 18:00, police officers bypassed the city, where 20 people were identified who were trying to hide from the evacuation.

 

The evacuation of the population itself took place calmly, without panic, only those who performed their official duties remained in the city - the military, liquidators, workers of public utilities and other services, members of the Government Commission, task forces of various ministries and departments.

 

On April 28, the Government Commission, operational groups and headquarters were relocated from the city of Pripyat to the city of Chernobyl.

Work in Chernobyl

Most of the people work directly on the territory of the reactors and near them to eliminate radioactive residues. The other part is maintenance personnel and specialists supporting the operation of the infrastructure

Водоемы ЧЗО

Общая длина Припяти 780 км, из которых 50 протекает по территории ЧЗО: от деревни Довляды до Киевского моря.

Studies Inside Exclusion Zone Today

The center's workers also study “the transformation of urbanized ecosystems under the influence of accident factors”, in other words, they look at the example of the city of Pripyat as a settlement changes due to radiation pollution due to an accident or a terrorist act.

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